Jul 18, 2014

Square Colosseum

In Rome we have a second Colosseum: the Palazzo della Civiltà Italiana also known as Square Colosseum. It was constructed as part of the program of the Esposizione Universale Roma, a large business center and suburban complex, initiated in 1935 for the planned 1942 world exhibition and as a symbol of fascism for the world. The Palazzo was designed by the architects Giovanni Guerrini, Ernesto Bruno La Padula and Mario Romano and constructed between 1938 and 1943. It was inaugurated on 30 November 1940 as the centerpiece of the Esposizione and continues to be its most iconic building. The structure is also considered one of the most representative examples of Fascist architecture at the EUR, the residential and business district in Rome, originally chosen in 1930s as the site for the 1942 world's fair which Mussolini planned to open to celebrate twenty years of Fascism,  the letters EUR standing for Esposizione Universale Roma. The project was originally called E42 after the year in which the exhibition was planned to be held. EUR was also designed to direct the expansion of the city towards the south-west and the sea, and to be a new city centre for Rome. The planned exhibition never took place due to World War II


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