Jul 22, 2014

Ostia Antica

The name "Ostia" derives from "Ostium", mouth of the river. Founded by the Quirites (the earliest name of the citizens of Ancient Rome) who sought a natural outlet to the sea, it was the first Roman colony and the first river port in Italy. It underwent huge economic and demographic development, above all during the Imperial Age. It became the ideal site for an enterprising middle class dedicated to production and trade. In 1575, a flood altered the course of the Roman's sacred river by about two kilometers and from that moment on it curved in a northerly direction. Founded in the 4th century BC, Ostia's decline began in the 3rd century AD, coming out to a head in the 5th century AD. Little by little it was abandoned and by the 9th century AD the population had finally migrated to Gregoriopolis, nearby fortified village




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